Scientists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign found that the gene editing tool TALEN is up to five times more efficient than CRISPR-Cas9 in parts of the genome called heterochromatin. (LionFive/Pixabay)
So first how can we define CRISPR for Genetic Modification
Gene editing techniques have the potential to substantially accelerate plant breeding. Now, officials in the United States and Europe are arguing that it is not genetic modification — and that is a good thing!
So all organisms created with CRISPR are GMO’s?
Here an answer of the USDA:
The United States takes an essentially functional view of GMOs, not concerning itself with the technologies that created the animals or plants but rather what the effects of the manipulations have been. The USDA statement further clarifies, “Under its biotechnology regulations, USDA does not currently regulate, or have any plans to regulate plants that could otherwise have been developed through traditional breeding techniques as long as they are developed without the use of a plant pest as the donor or vector and they are not themselves plant pests
What animals or plants (or variations) have been created from CRISPR
Is there actually teams of scientists working with animals embryos modified with CRISPR CAS, or working with plants to actually solve the world need for more, quality and healthy food?
China is leading CRISPR research with his: Yunnan Key Laboratory of Primate Biomedical Research.
How to protect animals that are under scientific research?
The most startling part of what is coming out of China is seeing how they have just a brute-force approach. The level of animal support they have to do those experiments is really astounding.Jon Hennebold, Oregon National Primate Research Center
Jon Hennebold, Oregon National Primate Research Center
So when appeared Purgatorius ceratops our common ancestor with other Hominidae?
“Around 65 million years ago, these little shrew-like creatures were climbing around in the threes of Western North America, munching on insect and fruit… But Purgatorius is was kind of mysterious because it didn’t have what we think as the classic primate traits, like forward facing eyes, or nails instead of claws.”
Purgatorius is a genus of six extinct eutherian species typically believed to be the earliest example of a primate or a proto-primate, a primatomorph precursor to the Plesiadapiformes, dating to as old as 66 million years ago.
Parareptilia is a subclass of reptiles with a variously range of organisms considered completely extinct. The validity of this therm relies on the phylogenetic position of turtles which their relationship with other reptilian groups are uncertain.
So what was the transition group class (if existed) between pre-reptiles and actual reptiles?
Check the iOS app I made to identify Snakes using powerful AI:
It is possible to reconstruct the Tree of Life with latest science technologies to give life to ancient genetics and ancestors?
How was the evolution of early reptiles?
Does reptiles come from water or land?
Does reptiles have unique spacers and patterns on their DNA such as bacteria?
Bunostegos used to have four limbs, to walk directly on land. This information suggests that it could be the first tetrapod with a fully erect gait.
African and Brazilian Sauna often are very similar in traits, in genomes, in origins.
Yes diseases could he healed and new “species” of humans will be possible through CRISPR one of the greatest achievements of science in human history! You can engineer a new embryo to remove the diseases from her/him.
Jennifer Doudna and Emanuelle Charpentier, we as humanity are so thankful for their huge results, by working hard and being scientists leads.
SnapGene is molecular biology software that allows users to plan, visualize, and document molecular biology procedures. Select the DNA fragments that you wish to fuse, and SnapGene will design the primers. It simplifies the planning of a Gibson Assembly reaction, and automates the primer design. SnapGene automatically records the steps in a cloning project. Each time you edit a sequence or simulate cloning or PCR or mutagenesis, the procedure is automatically logged in a graphical history.